(Part V) The Union Article 81-83.

Union Article 81-83

Article [81. Union Article 81-83 (1) 2 [Subject to the provisions of article 331 3 ***], the House of the People shall consist of—

 (a) not more than 4 [five hundred and thirty members]chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the States, and

 (b) not more than 5 twenty members] to represent the Union territories, chosen in such manner as Parliament may by law provide.

(2) For the purposes of sub-clause (a) of clause (1),—

 (a) there shall be allotted to each State a number of seats in the House of the People in such manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States; and

 (b) each State shall be divided into territorial constituencies in such manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it is, so far as practicable, the same throughout the State:

6 [Provided that the provisions of sub-clause (a) of this clause shall not be applicable for the purpose of allotment of seats in the House of the People to any State so long as the population of that State does not exceed six millions.]

 (3) In this article, the expression “population” means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published:

(Part V) The Union Article- 76-80

7 [Provided that the reference in this clause to the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published shall, until the relevant figures for the first census taken after the year 8 [2026] have been published, 9 [be construed,—

 (i) for the purposes of sub-clause (a) of clause (2) and the proviso to that clause, as a reference to the 1971 census; and

(ii) for the purposes of sub-clause (b) of clause (2) as a reference to the 1 [2001] census.]]

 Article 82. Upon the completion of each census, the allocation of seats in the House of the People to the States and the division of each State into territorial constituencies shall be readjusted by such authority and in such manner as Parliament may by law determine:

 Provided that such readjustment shall not affect representation in the House of the People until the dissolution of the then existing House:

2 [Provided further that such readjustment shall take effect from such date as the President may, by order, specify and until such readjustment takes effect, any election to the House may be held on the basis of the territorial constituencies existing before such readjustment:

 Provided also that until the relevant figures for the first census taken after the year 3 [2026] have been published, it shall not be necessary to 4 census, under this article.]]

Article 83. (1) The Council of States shall not be subject to dissolution, but as nearly as possible one-third of the members thereof shall retire as soon as may be on the expiration of every second year in accordance with the provisions made in that behalf by Parliament by law

(2) The House of the People, unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for 1 [five years] from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of 1 [five years] shall operate as a dissolution of the House: Provided that the said period may, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case beyond a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate.

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